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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7

Smoking behavior and cigarette expenditure in a household: Evidence for smoke-free houses initiation in Indonesia

1 Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia; Center for Educational and Community Services, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia (P3M FKM-UI), Depok, Indonesia
2 Center for Educational and Community Services, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia (P3M FKM-UI), Depok, Indonesia; PhD Program in Business and Management, Management and Science University (MSU), Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia; Department of Public Health Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. HAMKA (UHAMKA), Jakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Al Asyary
Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, C Building 2nd Floor, Kampus FKM-UI, Depok - 16424
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.ijpvm_113_21

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Background: The household is considered as a private area that is untouched tobacco control policies in developing countries, especially in Indonesia, which has not ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) treaty. Objectives: This study aims to identify smoking behavior and expenditure on cigarettes in the household, which are part of the initiation of a policy including a smoke-free home, so it assumes that the home is a public domain in Tegal Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Methods: This research is an observational study with a quantitative descriptive design. A total of 225 subjects in the seven regions designated as smoke-free areas were all selected as samples in this study and were willing to be the subject of research. Results: The results found that 76.1% of smokers smoked with their nuclear family (wife/children/husband) present. Smoking behavior with the nuclear family inside the home (39.13%) and outside the home (36.96%) was more common than not smoking with the nuclear family. Expenditure for cigarettes per month was one-third of household revenue (IDR 607,521.74) based on the regency minimum wage (UMR) set by the local government. Conclusions: The study concludes that smokers who smoke with family still lack knowledge on smoking's impact on health and household economics. The smoke-free regulation that is initiated should include households as a parameter.

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