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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16

An investigation on the effect of exercise on insomnia symptoms

1 Department of Sports Medicine, Hazrat Rasool-e-Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Afsaneh Basharkhah
Department of Sports Medicine, Hazrat Rasool-e-Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.ijpvm_204_21

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Background: Insomnia affects the daily activities of the sufferers and reduces attention and memory. Cognitive behavioral therapy is an expensive treatment and is not applicable to all patients, and long-term treatment with sleep medication can have side effects such as drug dependency. As an alternative form of non-pharmacological treatments, the effect of exercise therapy on improving the symptoms of insomnia is addressed in the current study. Methods: A total of 32 patients diagnosed with insomnia participated in the study, from which 16 received combined resistance-aerobic exercise therapy. The rest of the patients comprised the control group. The intervention group went through a 12-week intervention in the form of aerobic exercise for 3 days a week and resistance training for another 3 days a week. Patients' sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburgh test before and after the intervention. Results: The results showed that combined aerobic-resistance exercise can improve sleep quality in patients with insomnia as well as increase subjective sleep quality and actual sleep duration, and decrease daytime dysfunction due to sleeping problems. Conclusions: This study shows that, along with other insomnia treatments, exercise can improve the sleep quality of patients.

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