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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 80

Fracture risk factor in post-menopausal women with deterioration of bone density


1 Department of Basic Medical Science for Nursing, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
2 Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
3 Critical Care Nursing, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia
4 Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Mohd Said Nurumal
Department of Critical Care Nursing, Kulliyyah of Nursing, IIUM, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang
Malaysia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_286_20

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Background: Most of the aged women experience the deterioration of bone due to the gradual decrease in bone mineral density (BMD). According to different studies, a continuous progressive decline in bone density results in risks of fractures. Aims: The study aimed to identify the fracture risk factors among post-menopausal women with the deterioration of bone density. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional study design was used, and was conducted clinic at Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA) Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. Methods: In total, 116 post-menopausal women were selected as a sample from a public hospital in Malaysia. An assessment checklist on fracture risks; including age, menopause year, BMD, serum calcium level, balance and gait score, body mass index (BMI) was used to collect data. Descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation were used to analyze data. Results: Findings showed that 87.1% participants confidently performed daily activities. Normal TUG score was revealed for 76.7%, and Fall Free Prevention Questionnaire (FFPQ) findings show that no risk of falling prevailed. Pearson correlation showed negative weak correlation between BMD with the age of respondents, year of menopause and TUG (r = –.373), (r = –. 284) and (r = –.237). Moderate correlation was found between BMD in BMI status (r = .343) and weak correlation was found between BMD and ABC scale (r = .200). Conclusions: The study emphasized on instigation of the intervention to improve population literacy related to menopause and bone density deficiency.


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