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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 79

The effect of water-pipe and cigarette smoking on exhaled nitric oxide


1 Industrial Diseases Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2 Department of Occupational Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
3 Department of Community Medicine, Monitoring of Health Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
4 Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Hossein Davari
Industrial Diseases Research Center, Shahid Rahnemoun hospital, Farrokhi Ave., Yazd
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_546_20

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Context: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide can be used as a biomarker of some respiratory diseases. Aims: This study was conducted to compare exhaled nitric oxide in cigarette and water-pipe smokers with nonsmokers. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 549 adult subjects as a sub-study of Shahedieh cohort in Yazd. Participants were divided into 5 groups according to their smoking habits: non-smokers (n = 202), cigarette smokers (n = 121), water-pipe smokers (n = 129), cigarette ex-smokers (n = 58), water-pipe and cigarette smokers (n = 39). The smokers were also categorized into heavy and light smokers. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide was compared between the groups. Statistical Analysis Used: The data were analyzed by SPSS (ver. 20) using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann-Whitney U tests. Results: Fractional exhaled NO was lower in all smokers than nonsmokers, but cigarette smokers showed the least level of NO than other groups. Fractional exhaled NO was not significantly lower in water-pipe smokers than nonsmokers. Conclusions: Cigarette smoking significantly affect fractional exhaled NO, but water-pipe smoking did not significantly affect exhaled NO level.


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