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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47

COVID-19 and air purifiers use


1 Private Academic Practice, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Department of Community Medicine, Dr DY Patil University, Pune, India

Date of Submission03-Jul-2020
Date of Acceptance18-Aug-2020
Date of Web Publication05-Apr-2022

Correspondence Address:
Beuy Joob
Private Academic Practice, Bangkok
Thailand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_380_20

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How to cite this article:
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. COVID-19 and air purifiers use. Int J Prev Med 2022;13:47

How to cite this URL:
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. COVID-19 and air purifiers use. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 May 25];13:47. Available from: https://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2022/13/1/47/342573



Dear Editor,

I would like to share ideas on air purifiers use for COVID-19 prevention. The air purifer is a widely used tool by many people aiming at prevention during COVID-19 outbreak. Basically, air purifiers have an internal fans for pulling the air in through a series of filters. Filtration occurs at the filters and the airborne particles like dust, pollen, and pathogen are trapped. Ham concluded that “If there is only one infected person, there is a chance that the infection cluster will increase. Installation of air purifiers may cause new problems, so the control to prevent infection should not lead to a new infection. Therefore, using the air purifier to control the COVID-19 should be approached with caution.[1]” The air purifiers are already used in several settings aiming at COVID-19 containment based on a belief that the tool can help get rid of pathogens. The virus might be rodded within the filter of air purifiers and can further cause disease spreading if the filer is not good.[2] The filter without a good filtration ability might be a possible source of infection.[2] If there is a poor filtration ability, some pathogens might escape the filtration process. Additionally, many unwanted pathogens might be collected at the filters and it requires good management for destroying the used filters. However, if there is a special filter such as electrostatically charged nanofilter or high-efficiency particle air (HEPA) filter, it might be helpful for infection control.[3],[4] In the setting that requires the best infection control, such as the operation room, the HEPA filter is recommended.[5] Based on the concept of aerodynamics, the filtration is not a way that can completely prevent the spreading of pathogens. The correct way is the promotion of airflow or ventilation within the room space. The good ventilation is very important. Although there is a distance it might be useless if ventilation is poor. Finally, it should also be noted that only air purifiers use is not sufficient for infection control, there must be additional preventive tool. The use of air purifiers does not imply that there is no need to follow standard infection control prevention guidelines. Zhao et al. proposed that “air purifiers should be used as a supplementary and precautionary measure after other more significant measures have been taken, such as local source control that includes local pollutants exhaust, filtration, removal and disinfection, as well as the frequent disinfection of the room and furnishing surfaces, and ventilation.[6]” Therefore, filters are important. In Ham's paper, however, the key concern is the concern that droplets spread farther and wider when there are asymptomatic infections due to the strong airflow from the air cleaner rather than the filter's ability. In theory, the virus might be filtered by the filtration mechanism if the size of the virus is within the filtration threshold limit.[7] It is difficult to recommend an air purifier from a public health point of view because the threshold limit value is unknown for SARS-COV-2. Moreover, there is still no officially approved filters to filter for SARS-COV-2 filtration. In light of scarce evidence on the effectiveness of air purifiers, the use of adequate personal protective equipment and room ventilation is still recommended.[8]

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Ham S. Prevention of exposure and dispersion of COVID-19 using air purifiers: Challenges and concerns. Epidemiol Health 2020:e2020027. doi: 10.4178/epih.e2020027.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Rahmani AR, Leili M, Azarian G, Poormohammadi A. Sampling and detection of corona viruses in air: A mini review. Sci Total Environ 2020;740:140207.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Woon Fong Leung W, Sun Q. Electrostatic charged nanofiber filter for filtering airborne novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and nano-aerosols. Sep Purif Technol 2020;250:116886.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Howard BE. High-risk aerosol-generating procedures in COVID-19: Respiratory protective equipment considerations. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020;163:98-103.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Steward JE, Kitley WR, Schmidt CM, Sundaram CP. Urologic surgery and COVID-19: How the pandemic is changing the way we operate. J Endourol 2020;34:541-9.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Zhao B, Liu Y, Chena C. Air purifiers: A supplementary measure to remove airborne SARS-CoV-2. Build Environ 2020;177:106918.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Nazarenko Y. Air filtration and SARS-CoV-2. Epidemiol Health 2020;42:e2020049.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Christopherson DA, Yao WC, Lu M, Vijayakumar R, Sedaghat AR. High-efficiency particulate air filters in the era of COVID-19: Function and efficacy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020:194599820941838. doi: 10.1177/0194599820941838.  Back to cited text no. 8
    




 

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