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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42

New COVID-19 vaccine: What about cost and utility?

1 Private Academic Consultant, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Honorary professor, Dr DY Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra, India; Adjunct Professor, Joseph Ayobabalola University, Ikeiji-Arakeji, Nigeria

Date of Submission28-Nov-2020
Date of Acceptance29-Nov-2020
Date of Web Publication12-Mar-2022

Correspondence Address:
Sora Yasri
Private Academic Consultant, Bangkok
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_682_20

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How to cite this article:
Yasri S, Wiwanitkit V. New COVID-19 vaccine: What about cost and utility?. Int J Prev Med 2022;13:42

How to cite this URL:
Yasri S, Wiwanitkit V. New COVID-19 vaccine: What about cost and utility?. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Jan 27];13:42. Available from: https://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2022/13/1/42/339530

Dear Editor,

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) already causes health problems in more than 50,000,000 people around the world. The effective way to prevention of this emerging coronavirus disease is vaccination.[1] Recently (November 2020), many pharmaceutical manufacturers declared for success in COVID-19 vaccine developments. There are also reports on efficacy of the vaccine and proposed price of the vaccination. As a new vaccination, the important consideration is on vaccine affordability and accessibility.[2] Good examples of the new vaccines are Pfizer-BioNTech's coronavirus vaccine, Moderna's coronavirus vaccine and AZD1222: Oxford University and AstraZeneca's coronavirus vaccine (the public available data is accessible via https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/photos/business/coronavirus-vaccine-from-cost-efficacy-availability-to- storage-heres-everything-you-need-to-know-about -frtontrunners-6150391-4.html). The prices of the new vaccines are different, ranging from 4 to 37 USD per vaccination.

In preventive medicine, the cost and utility analysis is necessary for a new vaccine. Good example is the cost-utility analysis of new varicella vaccine.[3] Here the authors used the standard medical economics approach for analyzing the cost and utility by cost-utility analysis of the new COVID-19 vaccines that will be available to the public soon. The primary data for analysis is referred to as the public available data, which is already referred to. For analysis, the reported proposed vaccine price is assigned as cost and the reported efficacy of vaccine is assigned as utility. The cost per utility of each new COVID-19 vaccine is calculated and comparison of cost utility value of vaccines is further done. According to the analysis, the results are presented in [Table 1]. The different vaccines have different cost-utility value. It seems that the lower cost per utility might be included criteria that a country can use for the implementation of a new vaccine for public use for prevention of COVID-19.
Table 1: Cost-utility analysis of new COVID-19 vaccines

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Corey L, Mascola JR, Fauci AS, Collins FS. A strategic approach to COVID-19 vaccine R&D. Science 2020;368:948-50.  Back to cited text no. 1
Karim SA. COVID-19 vaccine affordability and accessibility. Lancet 2020;396:238.  Back to cited text no. 2
Yasri S, Wiwanitkit V. Cost-effectiveness of varicella vaccination. Int J Prev Med2019;10:120.  Back to cited text no. 3
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