• Users Online: 946
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Browse Articles Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 100

COVID-19: National pandemic management strategies and their efficacies and impacts on the number of secondary cases and prognosis: A systematic review

1 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health and Safety and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Pennsylvania, United States
2 Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Pennsylvania, United States
3 Drexel University College of Medicine, Pennsylvania, United States
4 Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Islamic Azad University Tehran Medical Branch, Tehran, Iran
6 Sports Medicine Research Center, Neurosciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical, Tehran, Iran
7 Brown University, Rhode Island, USA

Correspondence Address:
Narges Bazgir
Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_464_20

Rights and Permissions

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the pathogen responsible for an acute respiratory disease designated COIVD-19, which has spread throughout the world. Despite all the struggles with this virus, still, the majority of societies are affected by COVID-19, which raises many questions such as are these ways of management enough, which is crucial in order to contain the virus spread, and which is not effective. In this systemic review, we tried to summarize the data on different ways of managing COVID-19 outbreaks. Through understanding the efficacy and downsides of different approaches to manage COVID-19, public health officials, governing bodies, and health care administrators may be better equipped with the tools necessary to best manage COVID-19 and pandemics. Methods: This systematic review was carried out by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol. Articles were selected using several databases PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar, all peer-reviewed and published articles from December 1, 2019 to April 23, 2020 that met the inclusion criteria were selected. Results: The majority of the included articles were mathematical modeling, cohort studies (n = 9), cross-sectional (n = 6), and one case series. Most articles originated from China and then Singapore. The measures that have been practiced in these articles consisted of close contact tracing and case isolation, quarantine, strict surveillance, lockdown, and travel surveillance. Conclusions: The most effective approach is at least the combination of case detection and isolation, and contact tracing or containment measures. In the literature, travel controls seem to be ineffective, personal hygiene should be tough and emphasized.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded147    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal