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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31

Development, implementation, and evaluation of an educational package to control the biomedical profile of metabolic syndrome

1 Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Cardiology, Tehran Heart Center, School of Medicine, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Community Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Family Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_434_20

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Background: Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are a major concern in the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study aimed to develop, implement, and evaluate a lifestyle education package as a strategy to control the biomedical components of MetS. Methods: A total of 72 women and men (aged 18–68 y) with MetS were selected through randomized sampling. They were classified into 2 groups: an intervention group that received a lifestyle educational package with close follow-ups and a control group that received only usual care. Anthropometric indices, blood pressure, lipid profiles, and fasting blood sugar were assessed at baseline and after 3 months. Results: The lifestyle-modification program was associated with a modest weight loss (2 ± 0.4 kg; P < 0.001), a significant reduction in waist circumference (2.3 ± 0.9 cm; P < 0.001) and the hip circumference (1 ± 0.3 cm; P < 0.001), and a sharp decrease in diastolic blood pressure (5.3 ± 1.4 mm Hg; P < 0.001), compared with the baseline values in the intervention group. Additionally, according to the one-way MANOVA analysis, 33.8% of the changes in MetS components were attributable to the educational intervention (P < 0.001, F = 5.27). Conclusions: Improvement in lipid profile and anthropometric measures suggest that a lifestyle package based on multivariable health education is an acceptable method.

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