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 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29

Rising overweight and obesity in children under 5 years old: Need to basic practical actions


1 School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Health Management and Economics Research Center; Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Date of Submission10-Jun-2020
Date of Acceptance30-Aug-2020
Date of Web Publication29-Mar-2021

Correspondence Address:
Aidin Aryankhesal
Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_225_20

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How to cite this article:
Mohseni M, Aryankhesal A. Rising overweight and obesity in children under 5 years old: Need to basic practical actions. Int J Prev Med 2021;12:29

How to cite this URL:
Mohseni M, Aryankhesal A. Rising overweight and obesity in children under 5 years old: Need to basic practical actions. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Nov 27];12:29. Available from: https://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2021/12/1/29/312522



Dear Editor,

Childhood obesity is considered as one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century that has increased significantly over the past three decades. This global problem with the increasing prevalence at an alarming rate steadily affects many low- and middle-income countries.[1] It was estimated that in 2017, 5.6 percent or 38.3 million children under 5 years around the world were overweight. The global overweight children under 5 years increased from %4.9 in 2000 to 5.6% in 2017.[2] According to the world health organization report 2014, six global nutrition targets for 2025 has been declared, include stunting, anemia, low birth weight, overweight, breastfeeding, and wasting. The target for childhood overweight is to prevent an increase in it.[3] The most effective components and settings in obesity prevention programs in children are including family based programmes, community settings, primary care settings, and primary schools.[4],[5] The countries have agreed on the nutrition targets; however, despite some recent progress the world is off track to reach these targets. Ultimately, ending malnutrition is a political choice that leaders from governments, donors, civil society organizations, and businesses at all international, national, and subnational levels must take.[6],[7] Regarding childhood overweight and obesity, several factors affect weight gain among children, including behavioral factors, consumption culture, diet, lifestyle, family role especially mothers, physical activity, genetic, environmental, demographic, economic and technological characteristics, screening and other factors. Obviously, the elimination of the underlying causes is an important factor in preventing and reducing the overweight of children. However, the main issue is the little or no attention from many families, policy makers in the field of children nutrition as well as governments for implementing nutrition policies. If the issue of children's overweight are placed more seriously on governments' agendas, the desired targets for 2025 will be approachable. Especially in Asia and Africa, that include about half and a quarter of overweight children under 5 years, respectively. Mass media also plays a very prominent role in influencing the improvement of nutritional culture, particularly through the impact on family nutritional culture that plays an important role in shaping the nutritional behavior of children. It seems that the current increasing trend of childhood overweight and obesity in the world, and compared to the set targets, indicates the failure of policies in the most countries of the world. A need for the global consultation to resolve this issue is necessary.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Han JC, Lawlor DA, Kimm SY. Childhood obesity. Lancet 2010;375:1737-48.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Unicef, WHO, World Bank Group. Levels and trends in child malnutrition. 2018. [Last cited on 2018 Aug 05]; Available from: http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/2018-jme-brochure.pdf?ua=1.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Mohseni M, Aryankhesal A, Kalantari N. Prevention of malnutrition among children under 5 years old in Iran: A policy analysis. PLoS One 2019;14:e0213136.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Merrotsy A, McCarthy A, Flack J, Coppinger T. Obesity prevention programs in children: The most effective settings and components. A literature review. J Obesity Chronic Dis 2018;2:62-75.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Pirasteh A, Pouraram H, Kholdi N, Abtahi M. Discretionary salt intake and readiness for behavioral change among women in Tehran. Int J Prev Med 2019;10:167.  Back to cited text no. 5
  [Full text]  
6.
Achadi E, Ahuja A, Bendech MA, Bhutta ZA, De-Regil LM, Fanzo J, et al. Global nutrition report 2016: From promise to impact: Ending malnutrition by 2030: International Food Policy Research Institute; 2016.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Mohseni M, Aryankhesal A, Kalantari N. Prevalence of malnutrition among Iran's under five-year-old children and the related factors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Iran J Pediatrics 2018;28:1-9. .  Back to cited text no. 7
    




 

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